Performative Networks of Actors in the Works of Gintautas Trimakas

Acta Academiae Artium Vilnensis


  • Marius Armonas Lithuanian Culture Research Institute, Vilnius, Lithuania



photography, installation, actor-network theory, performativity, posthumanism


The present article revisits Bruno Latour’s Actor-Network theory, as well as Erika Fischer-Lichte’s theory of performative aesthetics, which are employed as a methodical approach to review the works of Lithuanian pho- tographer, photographic artist Gintautas Trimakas, in his exhibition Answer.

In the exhibition, the artist chose to present a series of works whose photographic processes took place in the gallery space itself. This decision opened new possibilities to consider the exhibition as a performative action carried out by various networks of actors, starting from local, surrounding objects, such as the space itself, the visitors and architectural elements, and ending with electromagnetic waves generated by the Sun or the rotation of the Earth. All these factors played a role in creating photographic images in the cameraless technique, capturing the light throughout the exhibition. Hence, it is proposed that these actors should be considered coauthors of the work.

It is noted that the traditional dual structures of nature / culture, and object / subject have faded away. All the actors in this exhibition have received an equal status; therefore, human as well as non-human agents are recognized to have participated in this performative action. Thus, the visuality of the work should be considered a result of collective effort. Moreover, the positions of a subject and an object have also lost their relevance, since the objects of the exhibition are no longer seen as passive; just like the subjects, they are able to react to the surroundings and be active performers of the work.

Author Biography

Marius Armonas, Lithuanian Culture Research Institute, Vilnius, Lithuania

Marius Armonas is an art researcher, a PhD student at the Lithuanian Culture Research Institute. In his research, he discusses the theories of posthumanist philosophy and their reflections in contemporary installation art. He is interested in the processes taking place in contemporary art – reconfiguration of art forms, aspects of the materiality of objects and the theoretical approaches of realism and materialism, as well as the interactions of science and art subjects.



How to Cite

Armonas, M. (2021). Performative Networks of Actors in the Works of Gintautas Trimakas: Acta Academiae Artium Vilnensis. Acta Academiae Artium Vilnensis, (99), 206–223.