Coloniality at Global Scales: Reframing the Nineteenth-Century Exhibition Image

Acta Academiae Artium Vilnensis


  • Bart Pushaw



global art history, postcolonialism, coloniality, conquest, indigeneity, history painting, Estonia, Peru


This study advocates for the necessity of writing more lateral art histories across cultures and geographies in the global 19th century by placing two history painters, the Estonian Johann Köler (1826–1899) and the Peruvian Luis Montero (1826–1869), into conversation. Although the role of indigenous actors within local histories of colonial conquest loomed large for both artists, the enduring Eurocentrism of 19th-century art history has limited how we might understand the commensurability of coloniality in the period. This study serves as an experimental roadmap for transcending these historiographical limitations, establishing the 19th century as a significant period of cultural correspondence between Eastern Europe and Latin America.

Author Biography

Bart Pushaw

(b. 1990, United States) is postdoctoral fellow in the international research project “The Art of Nordic Colonialism” at the University of Copenhagen. He received his PhD in Art History from the University of Maryland, where his dissertation, The Global Invention of Art: Race and Visual Sovereignty in the Colonial Baltic World, 1860–1920, examined the global scales of race, materiality, and colonialism in the visual culture of 19th-century Estonia and Latvia. His current research historicizes colonial Inuit artists.

VAL (Alex Mlynárčík, Viera Mecková, Ľudovít Kupkovič), Heliopolis, 1968-1974, ink on paper and photocollage, 90 × 90 cm, Courtesy of the VAL Group, Žilina




How to Cite

Pushaw, B. . (2022). Coloniality at Global Scales: Reframing the Nineteenth-Century Exhibition Image: Acta Academiae Artium Vilnensis. Acta Academiae Artium Vilnensis, (105), 82–104.