To Match the (Un)matchable: The Search for Identity in Early Soviet Textile Design (The Case of Kauno audiniai)

Acta Academiae Artium Vilnensis


  • Lijana Šatavičiūtė-Natalevičienė



Kauno audiniai factory, Lithuanian textile design, textile industry of the Soviet period, light industry of Soviet Lithuania


The author of the article analyses the artistic tendencies of the production of Kauno audiniai factory in the early period of its activity (1940s–1960s), and describes the work of the designers who worked in that factory, devoting most attention to their search for identity. In that period, the foundations of Soviet Lithuanian textile design were laid. The Kauno audiniai silk factory established by the Latvian businessman Robert Hirsh in 1930 was Lithuania’s largest textile company of the prewar period. In the years of the German occupation, the factory was owned by the German company Osland-Faser Gesellschaft. In 1945, the company resumed pro- duction. It was expanded according to the Soviet model and integrated in the system of the USSR industry.

Author Biography

Lijana Šatavičiūtė-Natalevičienė

Lijana Šatavičiūtė-Natalevičienė is an art historian, Doctor of Humanities, and a senior researcher at the Lithuanian Culture Research Institute. Her research interests include the history of applied arts and twentieth­century design and fine crafts. She is the author of monographs on Lithuanian textile artists (Antanas Tamošaitis, Juozas Balčikonis, Ramutė Aleksandra Jasudytė, Salvinija Gied­ rimienė), scientific and popular articles in the scientific and cultural press, catalogue texts and en­ tries in encyclopaedic publications.

Vytautas Gečas, Marija Puipaitė, „Romance & Gravity“, 2020. Fotografija / Photo by: Darius Petrulaitis



How to Cite

Šatavičiūtė-Natalevičienė, L. (2021). To Match the (Un)matchable: The Search for Identity in Early Soviet Textile Design (The Case of Kauno audiniai): Acta Academiae Artium Vilnensis. Acta Academiae Artium Vilnensis, (103), 17–56.