To Match the (Un)matchable: The Search for Identity in Early Soviet Textile Design (The Case of Kauno audiniai)
Acta Academiae Artium Vilnensis
Keywords:Kauno audiniai factory, Lithuanian textile design, textile industry of the Soviet period, light industry of Soviet Lithuania
The author of the article analyses the artistic tendencies of the production of Kauno audiniai factory in the early period of its activity (1940s–1960s), and describes the work of the designers who worked in that factory, devoting most attention to their search for identity. In that period, the foundations of Soviet Lithuanian textile design were laid. The Kauno audiniai silk factory established by the Latvian businessman Robert Hirsh in 1930 was Lithuania’s largest textile company of the prewar period. In the years of the German occupation, the factory was owned by the German company Osland-Faser Gesellschaft. In 1945, the company resumed pro- duction. It was expanded according to the Soviet model and integrated in the system of the USSR industry.